You may have a lot of soreness after a kidney stone, various symptoms and discomforts can also manifest themselves, for example you may feel severe pain in your back, as well as some discomfort when you try to urinate.
Kidney stone symptoms do not always occur: Kidney stones that lie quietly in the kidneys generally do not cause discomfort. They are often only discovered by chance during an ultrasound or X-ray examination. Find out here when kidney stones become a problem.
Kidney stone symptoms: from mild to severe
It can become painful when kidney stones from the kidneys reach the ureter and slowly migrate from there. These stones, then called ureteral stones, can cause different degrees of discomfort depending on their size:
Kidney gravel and very small stones flow off with the urine – the affected person feels at most a small, stabbing pain when urinating. Larger kidney stones are more problematic: Symptoms such as severe, colicky pain, which increases within 15 to 30 minutes almost to the point of intolerability and can radiate into other parts of the body depending on the position of the stone, accompany the acute stone discharge. Doctors speak of renal colic (ureteral colic). It is one of the most intensively felt types of pain in humans and is based on irritation and overstretching of the ureter by the kidney stone.
Symptoms that may indicate renal colic are
-Sudden, sharp, stabbing, cramp-like, wave-like pain, which, depending on the location of the kidney stone, may radiate into the back, the lateral lower abdomen, the groin or the genital region (labia, testicles)
Nausea, nausea and vomiting
-Defecation and flatulence can no longer go away (reflexive intestinal obstruction)
-Frequent urination of small amounts of urine (pollakiuria) and an unsuppressible urge to urinate
-Often blood in the urine due to injuries to the mucous membrane in the urinary tract caused by the stones that come out; the blood is either visible to the naked eye (macrohaematuria) or only under the microscope (microhaematuria)
-Sweating, tendency to collapse
fever, chills and pain when urinating with additional urinary tract infection
As soon as the descending kidney stone reaches the bladder, the renal colic disappears spontaneously. How quickly this happens depends on the size of the stone. With smaller kidney stones, renal colic sometimes lasts only minutes. Renal colic caused by kidney stones about half a centimeter in size usually ends after a few hours. In severe cases, when a kidney stone has settled in the ureter, the discharge can take several days.
Kidney stones: complications
If a kidney stone (ureteral stone) completely occludes the ureter, the urine produced in the kidney in question can no longer drain away. Doctors call this a urinary blockage. The urine collects in the kidney and with it the toxins filtered from the blood. Over time, these toxins damage the kidney tissue.
The urinary retention also makes it easier for bacteria to penetrate and settle in the urinary tract, resulting in a urinary tract infection. The combination of urinary retention and infection encourages the passage of bacteria from the urinary tract into the bloodstream. The result is urosepsis, i.e. blood poisoning caused by bacteria that have entered the bloodstream from the urogenital tract (urinary and genital tract).
Chronic kidney stones: symptoms
Larger kidney stones have difficulty getting into the ureter. They can remain in the renal pelvis and grow into a sink stone, i.e. a kidney stone that fills the entire renal pelvis. The symptoms are often not very pronounced; often there is a dull pressure in the kidney area. In addition, such kidney stones can cause symptoms of urinary retention and chronic inflammation of the renal pelvis with loss of renal tissue (shrinking kidneys).